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5. The Internet

A great source of information on the Internet in general and the Usenet in particular are the FAQs posted to the newsgroups news.answers and alt.internet.services.

Obtain basic information on email on the internet.

5.1 Side Remarks on the Structure

5.2 Finding Germany-Related Information on the Net

Search Engines



Generic WWW Searchers

Since there are so many of these robots, I will only give Meta searchers -- pointers to pointers...

Country Codes etc.



Miscellaneous Collections of Data on/from Germany

Before I re-invent everything ...I'll much rather tell you where to find original sources ;-)

The CIA world factbook has a section on Germany, too.

Dino online is also a real saurus...

The Kassandra Project has a number of nice links for various topics. 1996-03

5.3 List of Anonymous ftp Servers in Germany

Christian Hettler ( hettler@ask.uni-karlsruhe.de) maintains a list which you can get via ftp from U Karlsruhe or at its WWW version or through an email server: send an email (leave subject blank)

To: mail-server@ask.uni-karlsruhe.de begin send /pub/info/ftp-list-de end

5.4 Dedicated People's Pages

Here are quite a few people who collect their own URL's on German resources. Chances are, you'll find a lot that is not included in this FAQ ;-)..

5.5 Email in Germany

The pointers and tools described here are mostly of general interest in the sense that their scope is not restricted to Germany.

Finding Email Addresses

If the resources listed below don't help, you should, no have to, read the excellent How to find people's email addresses FAQ maintained by David Alex Lamb. You should probably read that FAQ in any event. It's good.

Another very complete answer is the FAQ: How to find people's E-mail addresses, frequently posted in the newsgroup news.answers and also available by sending email to mail-server@rtfm.mit.edu with the line send usenet/news.answers/finding-addresses in the body.

As a last resort, you can post an I'm looking for a friend - note in an appropriate newsgroup. Don't tell them I said that ...

Email search engines on the web

General search engines

Of course, you might be lucky and your long-lost friend has a web-page, and it belongs to the 30% of the web that search engines index. In that case, using the usual search engines like AltaVista or Google might get you somewhere.


If you have a hunch that the person you're looking for is posting on Usenet, try to locate them through DejaNews.

WHOIS queries

If the person you are looking for has their own domain (something like dein-freund.de or your-friend.com) you might be able to locate them through WHOIS. Depending on the domain name, you have to look at different WHOIS servers. Use Network Solutions' web search for .com,.net or .org domains. For European domains such as .de,.at or .ch use Ripe's WHOIS servers.

The more information you know about your associate (name, place of business or school, and so on) the better your chances are!

College Students' Addresses

Try a second source to find the email address of a certain college or university. It contains only a few German addresses as of now. If your university is not listed, send a detailed description of how to find email addresses at that place to dalamb@qucis.queensu.ca. If you have a person's name and their academic location in Germany, you may try a netfind for the domain name

where stadt is to be replaced by the name of the town where the person lives. For example, the domain of the Universität Karlsruhe is uni-karlsruhe.de with the main web-site at http://www.uni-karlsruhe.de 1999-08

5.6 Getting Internet Access

The indispensable Heise Verlag maintains a newsticker and a comprehensive list of ISPs in Germany and their rates on this page.

A lot of the bigger cities have Internet cafes that let you surf the web and write email, for a fee, of course.

One particularly nifty outcome of the deregulation of the German phone market is that some phone companies provide very useful services: Arcor provides PPP service without any signup. To use it, configure your PC's PPP software to dial the number 01070 0192070, username arcor, password internet, DNS server The cost of 6 to 10 Pfennige will appear on your next phone bill. This will most probably not work in hotels as it selects Arcor as the phone company with the 01070 prefix, which hotels often disable. But asking can't hurt, either.


Statistics about University-Originated access to the Net

Ralf Taprogge is conducting a survey about internet accessibility at German universities. He posts his results on the WWW. As of early December 1995, the following data had emerged:

For those 47 Universities that had answered...

1996-1 If the university offers Internet access, you can be sure that the services are not very much like what American students are used to. For example ftp might be very(!) restricted.

Usually you'll have to be a student, postdoc, etc. to be entitled for email access at your university. Ask for email at your local Rechenzentrum. 1994-3

Internet Provider Lists and Searchers

Unfortunately, flat rate internet access in Germany is still not available, or if you find it, you pay a king's ransom (something like 100 DM/month) for it. Not only do you pay the phone company per minute while you are online, you have to pay your internet service provider per minute, too. A typical offering is the one by T-Online, which charges you 8 DM/month and then 0.03 DM/min while you are t-online.

Fokus has a good list of ISP search engines. That page lists ISP search engines for Germany, Europe, the USA and the whole wide world. 1999-08

Among them are the ISP search page for German Internet providers by the computer magazine c't. A similar page exists at the Universität Hannover.1999-08

The pages of 56k.com contain very comprehensive lists of US Internet service providers. Network USA's overview over internet-providers around the world contains also pointers to German providers.

Wolfgang Sander-Beuermann used to maintain an FAQ on Internet access in Germany. He stopped maintaining it in November 1998, though it's still available. 1999-08

Read de.etc.lists (see The Internet on how) Look for Jan Richert's list publicuucp.

And finally look for Benoit Carl Lips' list of dial-in connections in Europe. Obtain the latest version from the USENET groups alt.internet.access.wanted and alt.internet.services. 1995-4

Private Networks

There are a number of ways besides university connections to stay on-line. Truly commercial providers (like UUnet, etc.) may be a little too complete in service and price for one's personal email and news service needs. Private BBS-based networks like FIDO, MAUS, Z-Netz, Comlink... offer cheap connections to Internet and USENET. Their news and mail service should be satisfactory; IRC, WWW, ftp, and such services are usually not provided. Be aware; the telephone bills from the German Telekom could prove to be nasty. :-(


To get access to a NON COMMERCIAL BBS (like MAUS-NET). You can only read or write messages or use email. Most of these feed into SUB.NET or INDIVIDUAL.NET (IN) ... which is why you might want to consider getting their services directly; their internet connection is also faster and more complete.


SubNet e.V., Geschäftsstelle c/o Heiko Rupp, Gerwigstr. 5, 76131 Karlsruhe, fax +49 721 661937, email info@subnet.sub.net 1994-10

Individual Network

About 40 DM/month for IP, possibly less for news and mail only. Regional differences apply in price and service. 1996-07

Email in-info@individual.net or write: Individual Network e.V., Geschäftsstelle, Scheideweg 65, D-26121 Oldenburg, Germany, tel +49(441)9808556, fax +49(441)9808557 1994-6


Their official homepage is now available. 1997-10 If you happen to know the license plate id ( Search for KFZ-Kennzeichen at the quantum server.) for the area of your interest try the following (note that this method is not guaranteed to work!)

SYSOP@license plate id.MAUS.DE example: SYSOP@K.MAUS.DE for service in the Cologne area.

In the body of the message ask for the telephone number of your local BBS box. 1994-2


All over Germany you can take "Deutsche Telekom" directly with its t-online service.

The price for T-Online access is DM 8,-/Month access fee (including two free hours) and DM 0,03/min usage fee (including phone costs!).

Public Unix Systems

The following represents a condensed version of the dial-in access possibilities in Germany as cited in Benoit Carl Lips' list (see Lists of Public Unix Systems)

APC/Comlink e.V.

Emil-Meyer-Str. 20, D-30165 Hannover email support@oln.comlink.apc.org


Ohlauer Str. 74, D-80997 München email info@cube.net

DFN-Verein e. V.

Pariser Straße 44, D - 1000 Berlin 15 email dfn-verein@dfn.dbp.de

UUnet Germany (UUnet Deutschland GmbH)

Emil-Figge-Straße 80, D-44227 Dortmund email info@de.uu.net homepage 1998-03

GeoNetn (GeoNet Mailbox Systems)

email GmbH@geod.geonet.de

Individual Network (IN)

Scheideweg 65, D-26121 Oldenburg email IN-Info@Individual.NET

access: Aachen, Augsburg, Berlin, Bielefeld, Böblingen, Bonn, Braunschweig, Bremen, Chemnitz, Darmstadt, Dortmund, Dresden, Düsseldorf, Duisburg, Erfurt, Erlangen, Flensburg, Frankfurt/Main, Friedberg, Gießen, Göttingen, Halle, Hamburg, Hannover, Heilbronn, Jena, Kaiserslautern, Kassel, Kiel, Köln, Konstanz, Leipzig, Ludwigshafen, Lübeck, Lüneburger Heide , Magdeburg, Mannheim, München, Münster, Nürnberg, Oldenburg, Osnabrück, Paderborn, Passau, Pforzheim, Pirmasens, Regensburg, Rendsburg, Rostock, Ruhrgebiet, Saarbrücken, Schauenburg, Sauerland, Schleswig, Schwerin, Stuttgart, Tübingen, Ulm, Velbert, Weser-Ems, Wetzlar, Wolfsburg, Würzburg, Wuppertal

Interactive Network Information Systems GmbH i.Gr.

Spohrstraße 24, D-60318 Frankfurt am Main email info@nacamar.de, WWW, fax 06103-966127

Chemnitz, Berlin, Bremen, Hamburg, Bielefeld, Hannover, Kassel, Düsseldorf, Aachen, Bonn, Gau-Algesheim, Köln, Mainz, Frankfurt/Main, Mannheim, Ludwigshafen, Wiesbaden, Heidelberg, Dreieich, Kaiserslautern, Saarbrücken, Darmstadt, Nidderau, Aalen, Stuttgart, Heilbronn, Augsburg, München, Nürnberg, Weiden, Würzburg

Interactive Networx GmbH (unlisys InterNET Services)

Hardenbergplatz 2, D-10623 Berlin email info@unlisys.net


Ruhr-Area, Germany email info@ins.net

CompuServe Germany

tel +49(130)864643 (toll free),

access: Berlin, Hamburg, Hannover, Düsseldorf, Köln, Frankfurt/Main Karlsruhe, München, Nürnberg

Lemke & Fürst GbR

Kleinknechtstraße 35, 70567 Stuttgart email info@lf.net

NACAMAR Deutschland

Kirchweg 22, D-63033 Dreieich (near Frankfurt) email landi@nacamar.de


Amalienstr. 17-21, 26135 Oldenburg email info@nordwest.de


Figarostr. 3, 70597 Stuttgart email info@n-e-t.de

Netzwerk und telematic GmbH, Geschäftsbereich Xlink

Vincenz-Prießnitz-Straße 3, 76131 Karlsruhe email info@xlink.net, or no sales@xlink.net their web site tel +49(721)96520 fax +49(721)9652210


For my taste a truly exquisite WWW-server finder is http://www.entry.de/ 1997-05

Your Local BBS

If you don't have email access, you might want to pick up the latest issue of C'T computer magazine to look up the list of phone numbers of all network systems. Then dial into the appropriate BBS and ask the local sysop about fees for connection.


A typical user, reading news from de.* and sci.* might want to expect about 10DM connection fee and 15DM in telephone charges (using an off-line reader!)

5.7 de.* Newsgroups

The de.* newsgroups are a good idea if you would like to know more about Germany and you are able to read and write German try the newsgroups in the de.* hierarchy. Those newsgroups are mostly available in Germany and at some sites in the US. Specifically parts of the hierarchies maus.*, fido.* and cl.* are fed into international news channels. (Note that these groups usually converse in German-only mode...) 1994-11


You can try and nag your sysadmin or Internet Service Provider into carrying the newsgroups you are interested in. This will be the easiest way for you to gain access to the de.* hierarchy.

Failing that, there are some providers that let you use their news servers. One of them can be found at http://news.cis.dfn.de/. This web page contains instructions on how to get access to the news server. The service is free, but requires registration by email. 1999-04


DejaNews archives pretty much all the newsgroups known to mankind. You can search and browse their archives to your hearts content, or simply read one of the de.* groups with your web browser. 1999-04

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